I - Monti
Its name derives from the six hills or montes : the Celio, the Cispio, the Esquilino, the Oppio, the Quirinale and the Viminale. There are the Forum of Caesar , the Forum of Augustus , the Forum of Nerva , the Forum of Trajan , the Domus Aurea , the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore , the Baths of Trajan , the Tower of the Militia and Piazza San Giovanni with the Fountain of the Lateran obelisk . Its emblem consists of three green mountains on a silver background.
II - Trevi
The origin of its name is not certain, but the most reliable hypothesis is that it comes from the ancient trejo , which indicates the confluence of three streets in the square of the Crociferi, located next to the modern Piazza di Trevi. There are the Trevi Fountain , the Fontana del Tritone , Palazzo Barberini and Palazzo del Quirinale .
III - Column
The name derives from the Column dedicated to Marcus Aurelius , called Antonina, which is located in the homonymous square. There are Piazza della Rotonda , Palazzo Montecitorio , the seat of the Chamber of Deputies , and Palazzo Chigi , seat of the Government of the Italian Republic . Its emblem is a silver column on a red background.
IV - Campo Marzio
The Campo Marzio ( Campus Martis ) was an area of ancient Rome of about 2 km², initially outside the city limits. It took its name from the altar dedicated to Mars , god of war, raised after the fall of Tarquinius the Superb . There are Piazza di Spagna and Piazza del Popolo , the Fontana di Ripetta port, the Ara Pacis Museum and the water clock . The emblem is a silver half-moon in a blue field; the origin of the symbol is unknown.
V - Bridge
Its name derives from the presence of Ponte Sant'Angelo , or Ponte Elio , which belonged to the district until Pope Sixtus V incorporated it into the new Borgo district. There are Piazza dei Coronari, Palazzo Taverna and Palazzo Alberini . Its emblem is a bridge.
VI - Parione
The name Parione derives from the presence in the district of an ancient building, or of a wall ( paries ), which took its name from the Parietone people. The center of the small district is Piazza Navona . There are Piazza della Chiesa Nuova and the Teatro di Pompeo . Its emblem is a Grifo, a Greek mythological creature with an eagle's head and a lion's body, a symbol of pride and nobility.
VII - Rule
The name derives from arenula (taken in the modern Via Arenula), or from that soft sand that still today the river Tiber deposits during the floods, and that there formed beaches disappeared after the construction of the Lungotevere. There are Campo de 'Fiori , Piazza Farnese , Galleria Spada , Palazzo Farnese and Palazzo Falconieri . The emblem of the district is a deer rampant in the turquoise field.
VIII - Sant'Eustachio
The name derives from the church of the same name. There are Piazza Sant'Agostino , Palazzo Madama , seat of the Senate of the Republic , Palazzo Vidoni Caffarelli , and Largo di Torre Argentina . Its emblem is formed by the head of a deer (symbol of S. Eustachio) and the bust of Jesus ; the figures are in gold and the background is red
IX - Pigna
The emblem of the district consists of a pine cone: legend has it that the name derives from the gigantic bronze pinecone found in the district and later moved to the Vatican in the Cortile della Pigna. However, in the twelfth century the pine cone was already in front of the ancient Basilica of San Pietro , when the district had not yet assumed this name. Another hypothesis wants instead that the name derives from the Vigna di Tedemario (a Roman who owned lands in the Circo Flaminio area). There are the Pantheon , the Altare della Patria and Piazza Venezia .
X - Campitelli
There are two versions on the origin of the name of the district: according to the first it derives from Campus telluris , that is "field or square of earth", according to the other hypothesis by Aedes telluris , or "Temple of the Earth Goddess". There are Piazza del Campidoglio , the Foro Romano , the Campidoglio , the Capitoline Museums , the Mamertine Prison , the House of the Vestal Virgins , the Insula dell'Ara Coeli . The emblem of the district consists of the black head of a dragon on a white background. The symbol derives from the legend according to which a dragon that infested the Roman Forum was expelled by Pope Sylvester I.
XI - Sant'Angelo
It is the smallest of the districts. The name derives from the church of Sant'Angelo in Pescheria. There are Piazza dei Calcarari , the Ghetto , the Teatro di Marcello , the Fontana delle Tartarughe and the Portico di Ottavia . His coat of arms is an angel on a red background, with a sword in his right hand and a scale in his left. The scale does not refer to justice, but rather to the cutting and weighing of fish, since the ancient fish market was in the Ghetto.
XII - Ripa
The name originates from the Tiber area known as Ripa Grande , where there was a fluvial port. It is considered the most ancient district, due to the presence of a pre-Roman settlement. Today it also includes Mount Aventino , located behind it. There are Piazza della Bocca della Verità , Porta San Sebastiano , the Area of Sant'Omobono and the Forum Olitorio . The emblem of the district is a white rudder on a red background, to remember the ancient port.
XIII - Trastevere
It is located on the west bank (right bank) of the Tiber , south of the Vatican City . Its name derives from the Latin trans Tiberim (beyond the Tiber), which was also the name of one of the Augustan regions. There are the Fontana dell'Acqua Paola , the Fontana di piazza Mastai , the Fontana di Ponte Sisto and the Casa della Farnesina , the Piazza di Santa Maria in Trastevere, religious architecture such as the Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere , the Basilica of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere and the Basilica of San Crisogono and the Tempietto of San Pietro in Montorio . It is the district symbol of the "Roman People". Its emblem is a golden lion's head on a red background.
XIV - Borgo
The name derives from the Germanic word Burg (fortified village), given to the area by the Saxon pilgrims who went to Rome in the early Middle Ages. There are Castel Sant'Angelo and Via della Conciliazione .
XV - Esquilino
It is thought that this name derives from the aexculi , holm oak bushes of which the top of the hill was covered. There are Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II , Porta Maggiore , Ninfeo di Alessandro , the Sepulcher of Eurisace and the Temple of Minerva Medica . Among the religious architecture we find the Basilica of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme . Its emblem is a tree and a mountain in a silver field.
XVI - Ludovisi
The name of the district derives from the Villa Ludovisi , one of the most beautiful parks in the city, destroyed at the end of the nineteenth century to make room for the district. There are Porta Pinciana , the Fontana delle Api and Via Vittorio Veneto . The emblem of the district has three bands of gold and a dragon, also of gold, on a red background.
XVII - Sallustiano
The name derives from the most beautiful gardens of ancient Rome, the Horti Sallustiani . There are Via XX Settembre and Porta Salaria.
XVIII - Castro Pretorio
The name refers to the Castra Praetoria , the ancient barracks dating back to the time of Emperor Tiberius, in which the Praetorian guard had lodgings. There are the Opera House , the National Roman Museum , Porta Pia , the Fountain of the Naiads , the Fontana dell'Acqua Felice , the Baths of Diocletian , Piazza della Repubblica , the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli and the Martyrs and the Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Jesus . The emblem is the labar of the gold Praetorian guard on a red background.
XIX - Celio
The name derives from Mount Celio . There are the Colosseum , the Arch of Constantine , the Ludus Magnus ; among the buildings of religious cult we find the Basilica of Saints John and Paul and the Basilica of the Saints Four Crowned .The emblem represents a bust of an African man dressed in elephant relics and golden ears on a silver background, in memory of an African bust found in Via Capo d'Africa.
XX - Testaccio
It takes its name from the so-called "Monte dei Cocci" ( Mons Testaceus ), 35 meters high, and formed by cocci (head, in Latin) and various debris accumulated over the centuries as a residue of transport that led to the port of Ripa Grande. Born as a working class neighborhood at the end of the nineteenth century, today it competes as a "Roman" with Trastevere . There are the Pyramid of Cestius , the Fountain of the Amphorae, the Acattolico Cemetery and the Porticus Aemilia .
XXI - San Saba
Popularly called the "little Aventine", San Saba is a district of recent institution (although of ancient urbanization), at the edge of the great green and archaeological area of the complex that includes Piazza Albania , the Baths of Caracalla , the Circus Maximus , the Capanne Palatine Hill and the House of Augustus . In the territory there are the Basilica of San Saba , from which the district takes its name, and the Basilica of Santa Balbina all'Aventino .
XXII - Prati
It takes its name from the disappeared Prata Neronis , also called Prata Sancti Petri in the Middle Ages, canceled after 1870 by the construction of the district. Its symbol is the outline of Hadrian's mausoleum in blue on a silver background; it should however be remembered that the mausoleum of Hadrian ( Castel Sant'Angelo ) does not belong to this district but to Borgo . There are Piazza dei Quiriti , Piazza Cavour , the Historical Museum of the Carabinieri , Piazza della Libertà and the famous Via Germanico, considered one of the most beautiful streets in all of Rome.